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Traunviertel, Traungau (official: Traunkreis), upper Austria, in the broader sense the draw area of the Traun river plus the Upper Austrian part of the Salzkammergut, proper the about 300-400m high area of the downer part of the Traun river between Danube, Enns, Alpenrand and Hausruck mountain with the Attergau region, the Welser Heide and the Traun-Enns-Platte, adjoining the river plains of Traun, Enns and Danube with an up to 80m high slope. Formerly main ownership of the Traungau earls (Otakare), it used to belong to the dukedom Styria until 1254. Through the contract of Ofen (1254) between Ottokar II, king of Bohemia, and Bela IV, king of Hungary, the Traunviertel was separated from Styria and became the historical heart of the "Land above Enns", nowadays Upper Austria. The Traunviertel is an aggradation area of the alpine rivers and glaciers, and it consists of ice-age moraine debris, terrace gravel and schlier. The Welser Heide, providing the best soil of Austria, and the Traun-Enns-Platte are productive fields and meadows, where wheat, grain, barley, sugar beets and corn are grown. Along the main traffic lines (Westbahn, Westautobahn (Highway), Bundesstraße Linz-Salzburg (through road) many industrial areas can be found (Steyr, Enns, Linz, Traun, Wels, Lambach, Vöcklabruck, Lenzing and others). Famous spas of the Traunviertel area Bad Schallerbach, Bad Hall and Bad Wimsbach-Neydharting. The monasteries Kremsmünster and St. Florian are of culture-historical importance. Further the Traunviertel is the main area of circulation of the square courtyard. Alternative: Winter description
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